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Fishin' for Facts: Giant Squid

Common Name: Giant Squid

Scientific name: Architeuthis dux



Record breaker: Largest recorded giant squid was 18 meters long (59.5 feet).  Its mantle was 5 meters (16.4 feet).  It weighed 1 metric ton.

The average size of the giant squid is 6 to 13 meters (19.7 to 42.7 feet) That is total length.  The mantle would be about 1 to 2.5 meters (3.2 to 8 feet).  The average weight is estimated to be 50 to 300 kg (110 to 661 pounds)


Where are they found?

Squid in the genus Architeuthi are found in:  northern Atlantic , from Labrador to the Gulf of Mexico; northern Norway to the Azores; northern Pacific from the Bering Sea to the Sea of Japan: southern Japan, Hawaii and California.  It is also found in the Southern Ocean.



Giant squid were once thought to be the largest cephalopod (octopus, cuttlefish, squid) and the largest mollusk on Earth. But recent discoveries of the colossal squid has knocked the giant squid out of first place. Though so little is know about both this size competition may continue.

Many people know that giant squid are hunted by sperm whales. Sperm whales have been found with battle scars from squid.The squid may not be fast food for a  sperm whale, since the giant squid and sperm whales are about the same length.

Adults are found deep in the ocean, 200 to 1,000 meters (700 to 3,300 feet) (These are called the "epipelagic" and "mesopelagic" zones).  Also found at the bottom in the bathyal zone - which can be 4,000 meters (13,300 feet) deep.

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